How to Move to Australia: An In Depth Guide

Table of Contents

How to Successfully Move to Australia 

Moving to Australia can seem overwhelming, given the numerous factors to consider. Did you know New Zealand citizens can move to Australia without applying for a visa? This comprehensive guide will provide vital information and steps on securing employment, finding suitable accommodation, navigating healthcare and more! Are you ready to step into your Australian dream?

Read this comprehensive guide because it offers a detailed roadmap on how move to Australia, from securing a job to finding the perfect city for your lifestyle.

How to Move to Australia

Key Takeaways

  • Successful management of the Covid-19 pandemic with low death toll
  • Access to a wide range of healthcare services through Medicare
  • Free or subsidised primary, secondary, and tertiary education
  • Multiple Australian cities consistently ranked as the most liveable in the world
  • Different types of visas are available for moving to Australia, such as visitor, student, work, family and partner, and business investment visas.
  • Gathering necessary documentation and organising money transfers are essential steps in preparing to move to Australia.
  • Securing employment in Australia requires job search strategies and understanding of the Australian work culture.
  • When finding suitable accommodation in Australia, consider the best cities to live in and decide whether renting or buying a house is the right option for you.

Why Migrate to Australia

If you’re considering a move to Australia, you’ll be pleased to know that there are numerous career opportunities due to rapid economic growth.

The reasons for relocating to Australia are abundant, and the benefits of Australian migration are undeniable.

One of the main advantages of living in Australia is the positive aspects of moving to a country that offers excellent healthcare, top-notch education, and a peaceful multicultural society without a class system.

Additionally, Australia boasts a pleasant climate and breathtaking scenery, including beautiful beaches and charming countryside.

The lifestyle in Australia is also highly desirable, with various entertainment options and a friendly and accommodating culture.

With Australia consistently ranked as one of the best countries to live in, it’s no wonder that many people are choosing to move.

Pros and Cons of Moving to Australia

When considering a move to Australia, weighing the pros and cons of the decision is essential.

There are several reasons for migrating to Australia, such as the high standard of healthcare, multicultural society, and diverse landscapes.

The advantages of living in Australia include access to quality medical services through the Medicare universal healthcare system, the opportunity to learn about and embrace different cultures in a multicultural society, and the chance to explore stunning beaches, rugged mountains, and vast deserts.

However, there are also drawbacks to relocating to Australia, such as the high cost of living, especially in cities like Sydney, and the difficulty of finding cultural activities outside of major cities.

Considering these pros and cons carefully before moving to Australia is essential.

Why People Migrate to Australia

Discover why Australia is a popular destination for people like you seeking new opportunities and a high standard of living.

Australia offers numerous advantages in healthcare, with its high standard of medical services and the universal healthcare system called Medicare. You can access quality medical care, well-trained healthcare professionals, and peace of mind knowing that your healthcare needs are covered.

Additionally, Australia boasts a top-notch education system, providing free or subsidised primary, secondary, and tertiary education. The pathway to Australian citizenship is also open, allowing permanent residents to qualify and enjoy the rights and privileges of being an Australian citizen.

Moreover, job opportunities in Australia are abundant, with higher pay, shorter hours, and skills shortages in various occupations. Australia has it all, whether you’re seeking a better healthcare system, quality education, a pathway to citizenship, or job opportunities.

Benefits of becoming an Australian citizen

Becoming an Australian citizen comes with a range of benefits. Firstly, you can live and work in Australia indefinitely as a citizen. This means you can enjoy the stability and security of being a permanent resident.

Additionally, citizens are eligible for government support, including access to Medicare – Australia’s healthcare system – which provides affordable medical services. As an Australian citizen, you can participate fully in the democratic process by voting in federal elections and having a say in how your country is governed.

Lastly, citizens can easily travel using an Australian passport, enjoying visa-free or visa-on-arrival entry to many countries worldwide.

Securing Employment in Australia

Before embarking on your journey to Australia, securing a job is crucial. The Australian government evaluates potential immigrants based on their qualifications and experience to ensure that newcomers will contribute to the country’s growth. To determine your eligibility for a skilled migration visa, you must accumulate enough points in age, education, English language proficiency, and skilled employment experience. Check if your skills and qualifications match the occupational availabilities in Australia, as this increases your chances of being accepted. Additionally, explore online job search portals dedicated to assisting foreigners in finding employment opportunities in Australia.

Job search strategies

Securing employment in Australia demands understanding the local job market and effective strategies. Here are some helpful ways to navigate this process:

Research Priority Migration Skilled Occupation List: This list gives an idea of the most in-demand professions in Australia, providing a clear direction for job seekers.

Utilise Australian Job Search Websites: Platforms such as Seek, Indeed, and CareerOne provide job listings across various sectors.

Network: Join professional networking sites like LinkedIn to build connections with industry professionals.

Prepare for Interviews: Australian employers expect candidates to be ready to discuss their skills and experience in detail. Practice makes perfect!

Learn about Australian Work Culture: Australians have a unique work culture that values work-life balance and open communication.

Get Your White Card if You’re Into Construction: If you plan on working within the construction sector, having a construction induction card (White Card) is essential.

Language Skills Matter: English is the primary business language in Australia, so improving your proficiency could increase your chances of success.

Understanding Australian work culture

Australians maintain a unique work culture that is relaxed yet focused on efficiency. The high wages and lower rents prevalent in Australia are essential in shaping the local professional lifestyle.

Colleague relationships are often friendly, with outdoor activities frequently serving as joint team-building initiatives.

In the Australian workplace, respecting every individual’s opinions and ideas is essential, reflecting the diversity integral to its cultural fabric. More emphasis is given to skills and experience than pompous titles or hierarchy.

In other words, everyone can contribute significantly regardless of their position on the organisational ladder. Also significant within Australian workplaces is punctuality and balance between personal life and work duties, emphasising productivity over long hours at office desks.

Apply for an Australian Visa

To legally reside and work in Australia, obtaining a visa is crucial. Various visa options are available, depending on your intended purpose in the country.

Understanding the Australian Visa System

Various visa types are available for those looking to move to Australia, and understanding the different options is crucial.

Types of visas

Australia offers a variety of visas to cater to diverse needs. Each visa has its specific criteria and requirements. Here’s a general overview:

Visa TypeDescription
Visitor VisaThis is for tourists and people visiting for business purposes. It’s generally valid for three, six or twelve months.
Student VisaFor international students planning to study in Australia. It allows students to stay in Australia for their study programme.
Work VisaComprises various types of visas for individuals who wish to work in Australia. It includes Skilled Independent Visas, Employer Nomination Scheme, Regional Sponsored Migration and others.
Family and Partner VisaFor those who have family members living in Australia. It includes Partner Visa, Parent Visa, Child Visa and others.
Business Investment VisaFor individuals who wish to start a business or invest in Australia. The minimum required investment is 2.5 million Australian dollars.
Special Category Visa 444Automatically granted to New Zealand citizens upon arrival in Australia, allowing them to live, work and study in Australia.

Please note that the visa process can be expensive and can vary based on different factors.

Applying for the correct visa

Securing the correct Australian visa is a vital part of the moving process.

New Zealand citizens automatically get a Special Category Visa 444 when they cross the border.
If you are not from New Zealand, determine the type of visa most suitable for your circumstances and length of stay.
Visit the Department of Immigration website to explore different visas, such as work, study, or visitor visas.
Fill out the necessary application form and gather the required documentation for your visa application.
Pay attention to visa fees, which can vary based on the type and duration of your intended stay.
Optionally, you may employ Migration agents to assist in your visa application process.
Ensure that any criminal history has been disclosed, and documented confirmation may be required from the Department of Immigration, especially for New Zealand residents.
An acknowledgment receipt will be sent after successful submission; track your application status regularly through their online portal until a decision is made.

Becoming an Australian Citizen

To become an Australian citizen, foreigners can follow a direct pathway that involves meeting specific residency requirements and passing the citizenship test.

Pathway to citizenship for foreigners

Foreigners have a pathway to citizenship in Australia. Here are the steps to becoming an Australian citizen:

  1. Meet the residency requirements: Foreigners must first obtain permanent residency in Australia and live there for a specified period.
  2. Apply for citizenship: Once eligible, foreigners can apply for Australian citizenship through the Department of Home Affairs.
  3. Pass the citizenship test: As part of the application process, prospective citizens must pass a citizenship test that assesses their knowledge of Australia’s history, values, and government.
  4. Attend a citizenship ceremony: If the application is approved, individuals are invited to attend a citizenship ceremony where they officially take an oath or affirmation to become Australian citizens.
  5. Enjoy the benefits: Becoming an Australian citizen grants various rights and privileges, including access to healthcare services, voting rights, and travel on an Australian passport.
  6. Honour dual citizenship obligations: Foreigners need to understand their home country’s laws regarding dual citizenship and how it may impact their status.

Find a Relocation Service

Once you have secured a visa and a job, it’s time to plan your move and find a reliable relocation service. Moving your belongings to Australia requires careful consideration and research. Look for companies with positive reviews, contact previous customers for references, and obtain at least three quotes. Don’t solely opt for the cheapest option; prioritise a company with a traceable history and comprehensive insurance coverage. Ensure the relocation service covers all your moving needs, including transportation and storage.

Finding Suitable Accommodation

Explore the best cities to live in Australia and decide whether renting or buying a house is the right option for you.

Best cities to live in Australia

Moving to Australia offers multiple city options, each with unique advantages and characteristics. Here are some of the best cities to consider:

SydneyAs one of the most well-known Australian cities, Sydney offers generous salaries, a high standard of living and many activities for all tastes.
MelbourneMelbourne boasts a vibrant cultural scene and a diverse immigrant population, making it one of Australia’s most cosmopolitan cities.
AdelaideRecognised as Australia’s food and drink capital, Adelaide offers comparatively affordable living options and is suitable for individuals who prefer a relaxed pace of life.

When choosing where to live, it is vital to consider your budget and personal preferences. Working with a reliable immigration agent can aid in your search for a home, whether you decide to rent or buy. Remember, older properties may offer affordable options, particularly in high-demand areas.

Find a Home

Once you have chosen your desired city, it’s time to find a place to call home. Consider your budget and explore both buying and renting options. Working with a reliable real estate agent will simplify the process and help you navigate the local housing market. Older properties can offer charm and affordability, so don’t overlook them. Location is crucial, so choose an area that fits your budget and lifestyle preferences. Before starting your search, familiarise yourself with the costs of buying or renting a house in Australia.

Renting vs. buying a house

Renting versus buying a house in Australia is a critical decision. This choice can significantly impact your finances and lifestyle. Here’s a quick comparison to help you make the right decision.

Initial CostGenerally lower as it requires a bond payment equal to one month’s rent.Higher due to the need for a down payment, usually at least 20% of the property price.
FlexibilityIt offers more flexibility as it’s easier to relocate if required.Less flexible due to the commitment of a mortgage, making relocation more challenging.
Costs Over TimeRent payments can increase over time, depending on the rental agreement.Mortgage repayments can decrease over time, significantly, if property values increase.
MaintenanceLandlords are responsible for most maintenance and repair costs.Homeowners are responsible for all maintenance and repair costs.
InvestmentThere is no potential for capital gain, as the property does not belong to the tenant.Potential for capital gain, as the property can increase in value over time.

Depending on your circumstances, renting could be more suitable if you value flexibility and lower upfront costs. A house might be a better option if you’re looking at long-term investment and stability. Popular cities for accommodation include Sydney, Melbourne, and Adelaide, each offering unique lifestyle opportunities. Just remember, Australia’s high cost of living needs to be considered when making this decision.

Choose the Right City for You

Australia offers a range of cities with distinct characteristics and lifestyles. Consider the following cities when deciding where to settle in Australia:


Perth, the largest city in Western Australia, boasts a pleasant climate, mild winters, and beautiful beaches. It offers a vibrant lifestyle, making it an attractive choice for individuals of all ages. However, remember that Perth can be relatively isolated from the rest of the country, requiring a long flight to reach other major cities like Sydney.


Brisbane, known for its wildlife and warm climate, offers an excellent quality of life. Mild winters and reasonable property prices make it an excellent choice for families. However, be prepared for hot summers and the absence of daylight savings time, which can be confusing for communication with other parts of Australia.


Sydney, the most populous city in Australia, offers a bustling urban environment. With its iconic landmarks like the Sydney Opera House and Bondi Beach, it attracts residents seeking a vibrant city lifestyle. Warm winters and a range of activities make Sydney an appealing choice. However, the cost of living can be high, and the city is often crowded.


Melbourne, known as the cultural capital of Australia, offers a diverse range of experiences. It boasts a thriving arts scene, multicultural cuisine, and a strong sports culture. However, Melbourne’s weather can be unpredictable, with the possibility of experiencing all four seasons in one day. The city’s beaches may not be as impressive as other Australian cities, particularly during winter.


Adelaide is often considered Australia’s food and drink capital, with its laid-back beach lifestyle and culinary delights. It offers an excellent work-life balance and affordable living options in some suburbs. However, the city’s public transport can be slow, and certain living expenses may be higher compared to other cities.

Preparing to Move to Australia

Gather necessary documentation and organise money transfers from your home country to Australia.

Gather necessary documentation

Starting the process of moving to Australia requires collecting various vital documents. The essential paperwork necessary includes:

  1. A valid passport.
  2. Your birth certificate.
  3. Marriage or divorce certificates, if applicable.
  4. Police clearance documentation from your home country.
  5. Certified copies of any educational qualifications.
  6. Evidence of English language competency for certain visas.
  7. Any relevant work references or job offers you may have received.

Australian Banking

Open an Australian bank account to easily manage your finances and navigate the Australian tax system smoothly.

Opening a bank account is essential for managing your finances in Australia. Research different banks and their account options to find the best suits your needs. A local bank account will facilitate paying rent, receiving salaries, and conducting financial transactions. Ensure that you meet the requirements for opening a bank account, which may include providing identification documents and proof of address.

Opening an Australian bank account

  • To open an Australian bank account, you need a passport, phone number, tax file number, and postal address.
  • The Commonwealth Bank of Australia is one option for opening an Australian bank account.
  • Other banks in Australia also offer services for opening a bank account.
  • Having an Australian bank account is necessary for financial transactions.
  • An Australian bank account will help you receive salary payments and manage expenses.
  • Choosing the correct type of bank account that suits your needs is crucial.

Understanding the Australian tax system

Employment in Australia comes with the responsibility of paying taxes. Employers in Australia must deduct income tax from their employee’s wages and pay it on their behalf.

However, you must file your own tax returns if you are self-employed. It is important to note that Australian citizens, permanent residents, and New Zealand citizens living in Australia are eligible for a mandatory retirement savings account called Australian Super.

On the other hand, New Zealanders may have certain restrictions when accessing the Australian student loan system unless they have lived in Australia for at least ten years.

Organising money transfer from your home country to Australia

Organising a money transfer from your home country to Australia is integral to your moving process. Here’s how to go about it:

  1. Start by opening an Australian bank account even before you move. This action results in a smoother transition and allows immediate financial transactions upon arrival.
  2. Commonwealth Bank of Australia allows New Zealand citizens to open a bank account readily.
  3. Ensure you have the necessary documentation, including a passport, phone number, tax file number, and postal address.
  4. Explore services like Xe Money Transfer to handle international transfers securely and efficiently.
  5. Remember that money transfers may involve service fees or exchange rate charges. Always consider these costs when calculating your transferred amount.
  6. Use reliable currency converter tools to know the current currency conversion rates between your home country and Australia.
  7. Lastly, plan for delays in processing times when transferring large sums of money internationally.

Transportation in Australia

Australia offers a range of transportation options to help you get around the country. Major cities have well-developed public transportation systems, including buses, trains, and trams. If you prefer to drive, you must obtain an Australian driver’s license, which may require passing a local driving test. Additionally, consider purchasing a car or exploring car-sharing services for more flexibility. Australia also has an extensive domestic flight network, making it easy to travel between cities.

Driving and Licences in Australia

Converting your current driver’s license to an Australian one is necessary when moving to Australia.

Converting your current driver’s license

New Zealanders moving to Australia can drive on their current driver’s license for up to three months. However, they must convert their license to an Australian one after this period.

This process involves providing the necessary documentation and completing the required application forms. It is important to note that each state in Australia has slightly different requirements, so it is essential to check the specific guidelines for the state you are moving to.

By converting your current driver’s license, you can ensure that you are legally able to drive in Australia and avoid any potential penalties or issues with insurance coverage.

Buying a car in Australia

  • Research different car models and prices
  • Compare prices from various dealerships
  • Check the history of the vehicle using a service like CarHistory or Revs. Check
  • Inspect the car thoroughly before making a purchase
  • Take the car for a test drive to ensure it meets your needs
  • Negotiate the price with the seller
  • Consider getting a mechanical inspection done by a qualified mechanic
  • Arrange for insurance coverage before driving the car off the lot
  • Transfer ownership of the vehicle and register it in your name with your state’s transport authority

Education System in Australia

Education will be a significant consideration when moving to Australia if you have children. Research the education system in your chosen city and find suitable schools for your children. Australia offers a high standard of education, with options ranging from public schools to private and international institutions. Additionally, familiarise yourself with the healthcare system and locate nearby medical facilities. Australia has excellent healthcare services, but understanding how to access them will ensure you receive the necessary care.

The education system in Australia offers a wide range of opportunities for students, with both public and private schools available at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.

Understanding the Australian School System

The Australian school system is vital to consider when moving to Australia. It is associated with the education system in the country, which varies from state to state.

In popular cities like Sydney, Melbourne, and Adelaide, excellent educational opportunities are available for students. Understanding how the Australian school system works will help you make informed decisions about your children’s education.

Each level has a structure and curriculum catering to different age groups and learning needs from primary to secondary schools and universities.

Student Loans in Australia

The Australian student loan system, known as the Higher Education Loan Program (HELP), provides financial assistance to eligible students. These loans are available to Australian citizens, permanent residents, and certain New Zealand citizens.

With HELP loans, students can delay repayment of their tuition fees until they reach a specific income threshold. It’s important to note that these student loans accrue interest charges tied to the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

If you plan on pursuing higher education in Australia, explore your options for accessing student loans through the HELP program.

Obtain Health Insurance

Health insurance is a vital aspect of living in Australia. While the country has a public healthcare system, access is primarily reserved for citizens and permanent residents. You will likely need private health insurance as an immigrant, expatriate, or work visa holder. It ensures access to the best healthcare facilities and services, regardless of your location in Australia. Research and choose a global medical plan that covers your specific needs and provides comprehensive coverage.

Navigating the Australian Healthcare System

Understanding how the Australian healthcare system works is crucial for anyone planning to move to Australia.

Understanding Medicare

Medicare Australia is the publicly funded universal health care scheme available for New Zealanders living in Australia for six months or with proof of future residency. It is recommended to enrol in Medicare to access private healthcare services that offer faster appointment times and broader treatment options.

In addition, having private health insurance provides additional coverage and benefits. For New Zealanders giving birth in Australia, free maternity care is covered by Medicare in the public system.

Securing health insurance

Securing health insurance is a critical step when moving to Australia. Here are some key facts to consider:

  • Private health insurance is encouraged or required for immigrants, expatriates, and those on work visas in Australia.
  • Over half of the Australian population purchases private health insurance.
  • Healthcare in Australia can be expensive for non-residents without private health insurance.
  • New Zealand citizens can access pharmaceutical benefits under Australia’s Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS).

Embrace the Australian Lifestyle

Moving to Australia is not just about the practicalities; it’s about embracing the unique lifestyle and culture. Australians are known for their relaxed and friendly attitude, so take the time to connect with locals and immerse yourself in the community. Explore Australia’s outdoor activities, from surfing and hiking to barbecues in the park. Embrace the multicultural nature of the country by trying different cuisines and attending cultural events. Australia’s rich natural beauty, including its stunning beaches, national parks, and wildlife, provides endless opportunities for exploration and adventure.

Best places to eat in Australia

If you’re a food enthusiast, you’ll be delighted by the diverse culinary experiences offered at Australia’s best places to eat. From Quay, the award-winning restaurant with sweeping views of the Sydney Opera House, to the immersive dining experience at d’Arenberg Cube in the McLaren Vale wine region, Australia offers unique culinary experiences that will tantalise your taste buds.

The fusion of flavours in Australian cuisine, inspired by native ingredients, creates a one-of-a-kind dining experience. Must-try dishes include the intricately balanced creations by Chef Peter Gilmore at Quay and the Pan-Asian flavours at Rick Shores on the Gold Coast.

Whether you’re looking for fine dining or a casual atmosphere, Australia’s top restaurants will showcase the beauty of dining in this country.

Moving to Australia can be an exciting and transformative experience. By understanding the Australian visa system, preparing documentation, securing employment and suitable accommodation, navigating the healthcare system, obtaining necessary licenses and opening a bank account, accessing education opportunities, and working towards citizenship, you can make your move to Australia smoother and more successful.

Frequently Asked Questions On Moving To Australia

What Are the Requirements and Processes for Obtaining Australian Citizenship?

You must meet eligibility criteria, such as residency requirements, to obtain Australian citizenship. You can apply for dual citizenship, with a citizenship test to complete. Take control of your future in Australia.

How Does Australia’s Healthcare System Compare to Other Countries?

Australia’s healthcare system offers accessible and high-quality healthcare. With affordable options, it integrates technology for efficient and advanced medical services. Take control of your healthcare needs and experience the benefits of Australia’s healthcare system.

What Are the Job Prospects and Opportunities for Migrants in Australia?

Are you looking to migrate to Australia? The job market offers excellent employment opportunities with skill shortages. Work visas are available, and you can explore a country with diverse landscapes and a high standard of healthcare.

How Does the Cost of Living in Australia Compare to Other Countries?

The cost of living in Australia varies, but housing can be expensive. However, the quality of education is high, and transportation expenses are manageable. The average salary is also competitive, offering financial stability.

What Are Some Unique Aspects of Australian Culture and Lifestyle That Migrants Should Be Aware Of?

When moving to Australia, be aware of the unique aspects of Australian culture and lifestyle. Experience traditional Aboriginal practices, embrace multiculturalism, adhere to social etiquette, and maintain a healthy work-life balance.



Share this Article, choose your platform

Get In Touch With Us For Personalised Service And Assistance

+64 22 399 4114


Send Your Inquiry

"*" indicates required fields

We are bound by a strict Code of Conduct and will keep your information Private & Confidential.

* Indicates required field

Drop files here or
Accepted file types: pdf, docx, Max. file size: 8 MB, Max. files: 10.
    Please provide your CV / Resume
    This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.